CCDciel is free software released under the terms of the
GNU General Public License
Astrometry.net can be used to solve the image you just take with your camera. Astrometric solving wil give the exact astronomical position of the image center, its orientation and size.
CCDciel requires a local copy of the Astrometry.net software including the indexes on your computer. It can also run Astrometry.net on a remote host using the provided script.
At page http://astrometry.net/use.html you can find detailed instructions how to install the software and indexes.
On Linux astrometry.net is probably packaged by your distribution. This is the easiest and preferred way to install the software.
For example on Debian or Ubuntu just do:
sudo apt-get install astrometry.net
For macOS the best option is to get the version from CloudMakers.
A number of Windows package include a fully automated install of Cygwin and astrometry.net and it is best to get one of them. CCDciel do not use this applications but the astrometry.net they install. Cygwin is a tool required to run a compiled version of Astrometry.net under Windows.
The following list indicate tested application and give the Cygwin path you must configure in the astrometry preferences.
At the time of writing all these application use the same 2010 version 0.38 of Astrometry.net.